#ARCHITECTURE / / / Museum of Woods - Experimentation of Space

Tuesday, 11 November 2014

Museum Hutan - Experimentasi Ruang Dalam dan Ruang Luar
Pra- Tugas Akhir
CINDERAKASIH, Annisa Putri
Ir. ISMUDIYANTO
Universitas Gadjah Mada


[ a summary ]


1. Background
Indonesia has the third largest tropical forest after Brazil and Congo. But, after 1950, more than 50% Indonesia tropical forest decrease. Forest Watch Indonesia reported that deforestation rate in Indonesia increase day by day and reaches 2 billion hectare every year. Now, it is predicted that Indonesia tropical forest remains 28% from the earlier scale. Because of this situation, deforestation rate in Indonesia is being the fastest deforestation rate in the world. Nature exploitation becomes the main cause of the deforestation in Indonesia. Nevertheless, this condition doesn't trigger reforestation act among Indonesian people.



In Jogjakarta, the nature exploitation has been started for a long time ago. This condition was very bad and made some area in south-east Yogyakarta (read: Gunungkidul) become barren area. Meanwhile, the natural forest decrease because of the industrial needed without any act to reforestation, there is no facility to educate people to preserve and conserve nature. One of a non-formal educational institution is a museum. In Indonesia, especially in Yogyakarta, people don't like to go to the museum. This because of the museum is not well designed. Some of them have a great collection, but the building is poor and the management is not good. This background makes me want to solve them in one shot, preserving nature and educating people.

2. Location
Gunungkidul is located in south-east Yogyakarta. It is about 40 km from the Yogyakarta city, 1-hour ride car or motorcycle. Gunungkidul has the very special land characteristic. It is called Karst area. Karst land is a landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. It is characterised by underground drainage systems with sinkholes, dolines, and caves. Thousand years ago, the land was under the sea level. But, because of the Austronesia plateau movement, Java plateau started to upraise. This geological process made Gunungkidul land has a different characteristic than another region in Yogyakarta regency. Gunungkidul has been known as a rough and wild nature, but in another hand, it is very exotic and beautiful. In the mid of 2014, the government propose to UNESCO, to make Gunungkidul area as a Geological park.


 

The chosen site is in the west of Gunungkidul. It is in the same area as the government start to promote a local forest park. It is about 30 km from Yogyakarta city. The area has characteristic of Karst area in Gunungkidul. Karst is formed because of the carbonate, dolomite, and silica sedimentation process. The sedimentation process in each place is different, so, the characteristic of karst land in the world is also different to each other. There are several kinds of plants and animals which can live here. Because of that, the endemic rate in this Karst land is very high.

 

Nowadays, Gunungkidul has been being promoted for its natural attractions. Because of its karst characteristic, there is so many horizontal and vertical cave to be explored, white sand beaches, springs waterfall, mountain hills, outbound park, and some prehistoric sites. The chosen site for Museum of Woods is about 60.000 m square. The 2/3 of the area will be the forest and the 1/3 of the area will be the building function. This site is located next to the Yogyakarta-Wonosari Highway and surrounded by barren area. So, it will be possible if, in the future, the museum grows outside the chosen site.

3.Museum
Museum has 2 functions, exhibition and conservation. Other functions which support the museum are education and service. During my study to complete the design report of my final project, I found that Museum does not really have certain kind of typology because the form and the order depend on what the owner want or what the architect want. I think that to build a museum is like to write a story and re-tell it by using exhibition objects to the visitors. A museum without a story will not leave any impression to the visitors. The story of the museum is the message of the museum itself. These are the moral message, social message, the message of contemporary art expression or historical message. The story and the message can be expressed by the architecture form or the sequence of the story inside the building. Because of that, I think, the story and the message of the building is very important thing for museum design.
 

4.Framework



5.Problem
Non-architectural
  1. How the museum building related to the surroundings?
  2. How the museum will be an institute which increases human concern to nature?
  3. How the museum will establish forest ecosystem?
Architectural
  1. What is the museum of woods?
  2. How the forest will fit into the museum building? Do we build a big building like a green house and put the forest inside of it? Or, do we put the building surrounded by forest? Or, could we merge the museum building and the forest?
  3. How is the museum expression related to the forest?
  4. How is the connection between museum building and the forest?
  5. How the museum will be designed and arranged to create storyline which will increase human concern to nature?



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This Design Report is written to complete the Architecture Final Project to graduate from a department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada. This summary is never published before. But, this documents had been presented in  Suehiro Laboratory - Department of Human and Environment Studies, Kyushu University - weekly seminar on October 8th, 2014. Copyright Annisa P. Cinderakasih 2014.

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